Children can incur temporary hearing loss for other reasons than chronic middle ear infection and Eustachian tube dysfunction. They include: Cerumen impaction (compressed earwax) Otitis externa: Inflammation of the external auditory canal, also called “swimmer’s ear.”.
Otitis media is the most common cause of hearing loss among children, and it occurs typically during winter or spring. Otitis media is an inflamation of the middle ear and can occur in either one or both ears at the same time. In general, otitis media is not serious and does not normally cause permanent hearing problems if treated properly.
How Otitis Media Causes Hearing Loss. In some rare cases, the hearing loss due to otitis media can be permanent. According to theAmerican Academy of Otolaryngology, the average loss of sound due to fluid in the ear is 24 decibels, which is similar to wearing earplugs. If the fluid is thicker, the sound lost may be as much as 45 decibels.
A buildup of wax, fluid in the middle ear, or a hole in the ear drum can each cause conductive hearing loss. “Otitis media” is the medical term for an ear infection affecting the middle ear. The infection can cause a buildup of fluid, making it difficult for the eardrum and the ossicular chain to work together to move sounds to the auditory nerve.
Middle Ear Infection (Chronic Otitis Media) and Hearing Loss. Middle Ear Infection (Chronic Otitis Media) and Hearing Loss. What is otitis media? Otitis media refers to inflammation of the middle ear. When infection occurs, Thicker fluid can cause much more loss, up to 45 decibels (the range of conversational speech).
All children with middle ear infection or fluid have some degree of hearing loss. The average hearing loss in ears with fluid is 24 decibels – equivalent to wearing ear plugs. (Twenty-four decibels is about the level of the very softest of whispers.) Thicker fluid can cause much more loss, up to 45 decibels (the range of conversational speech).
The ear may drain (have liquid coming out of the ear canal). It can often be accompanied by a tympanic membrane perforation [link “tympanic membrane perforation” to the new Health Library page entitled “Tympanic Membrane Perforation”] and hearing loss. Usually chronic otitis media is not painful.
An ear infection, or otitis media, is the most common cause of earaches. Although this condition is a frequent cause of infant distress and is often associated with children, it can also affect adults. The infection in the middle ear (the space behind the eardrum where tiny bones pick up vibrations
Causes of Conductive Hearing Loss. Malformation of outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear structure. Fluid in the middle ear from colds. Ear infection (otitis media – an infection of the middle ear in which an accumulation of fluid may interfere with the movement of the eardrum and ossicles) Allergies. Poor Eustachian tube function. Perforated eardrum.
Middle Ear Infection (Chronic Otitis Media) and Hearing Loss What is otitis media? Otitis media refers to inflammation of the middle ear. When infection occurs, Thicker fluid can cause much more loss, up to 45 decibels (the range of conversational speech).
“Otitis” means inflammation of the ear, and “media” means middle. This inflammation often begins with infections that cause sore throats, colds or other respiratory problems, and spreads to the middle ear. Infections can be caused by viruses or bacteria, and can be acute or chronic.
Sensorineural hearing loss in otitis media. Paparella MM, Morizono T, Le CT, Mancini F, Sipilä P, Choo YB, Lidén G, Kim CS. Additional evidence is presented to support the hypothesis that both acute purulent otitis media (POM) and chronic suppurative otitis media (COM) can cause high frequency sensorineural hearing loss.
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